Paiute Orchardgrass

Sale price$184.50
In stock


Get Paiute Orchardgrass for $3.69 per pound!

Paiute orchardgrass a low lying bunchgrass that is primarily used for pasture production on areas receiving at least 16” of annual precipitation or on irrigated land. It is highly palatable to all classes of livestock. It can also be used for hay but is not well suited to grow with alfalfa because it matures earlier than alfalfa.

Planting Depth: .25”-.5”

Planting Rates: 15-20 lbs per acre

Planting Dates: Mar-Apr, Aug-Sep

*Product ships in 50 pound bag


Planting Paiute Orchardgrass in a clean, firm, weed-free seedbed is recommended. If using in a dryland or erosion control setting, seeding should take place in the late fall or very early spring, while irrigated seedings should be made in early to mid spring. Do not seed after the spring moisture period is well advanced or a failure may occur because of dry seedbed conditions and hot summer temps before Paiute is well established. Paiute Orchardgrass is easily established with common agricultural drills. 


Paiute is well adapted to semi-arid conditions of the Intermountain West, especially in situations receiving at least 16” of annual precipitation or on irrigated lands. It is best suited to the sagebrush-grass and mountain shrub plant communities. Paiute performs best on well-drained basic and acidic soils. It grows well in a range of soil textures and depths varying from clays to gravelly loams. It does not perform well in saline soils or under poorly drained soil conditions with high water tables. It will tolerate cold winters (to - 30°F) if snow insulates the ground during the coldest weather and it has good tolerance to high summertime temperatures and humidity.


Under dryland conditions new plantings should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the second growing season. The plants may be severely damaged by overgrazing especially in the seedling year. Under irrigated conditions the new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the first growing season. The minimum plant height prior to initiating grazing or hay harvesting is 6” for orchardgrass, and a minimum stubble height of 4” should remain at the end of the grazing or hay harvesting season. Close grazing in the fall is consistently associated with winterkill. Paiute responds well to rotation-deferred grazing systems. Periodically the grass should be allowed to mature and produce seed for continuation of the stand. If Paiute is harvested late each year, the stand will become thin and bunchy. Orchardgrass for hay should be harvested when it is in the boot to seedhead stage.


Paiute is a low-growing heat resistant strain of orchardgrass and is a cool season, introduced, perennial, bunchgrass. Under arid conditions Paiute is persistent with numerous basal leaves and leafy culms. The leaves are narrow, v-shaped near the base tapering to a narrow tip with a prominent mid-nerve on the lower surface. Flowering stems grow to approximately 15”-18” tall while leaves are usually less than 12” long. Under irrigation Paiute grows in close stands of more robust plants. The inflorescence is a panicle with spikelets laterally compressed, relatively small and 2-5 flowered in dense 1-sided clusters.


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